SDG Seven

Goal 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

Goal 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

Energy is central to nearly every major challenge and opportunity the world faces today. Be it for jobs, security, climate change, food production or increasing incomes, access to energy for all is essential.

Sustainable energy is "opportunity" - it transforms lives, economies and the planet.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is leading a Sustainable Energy for All initiative to ensure universal access to modern energy services, improve efficiency and increase use of renewable sources.


#GlobalGoals 7: Affordable and Clean Energy - Can you make it happen?

The SDG Targets

7.1 By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable, and modern energy services

7.2 Increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix by 2030

7.3 double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency by 2030

7.a By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technologies, including renewable energy, energy efficiency, and advanced and cleaner fossil fuel technologies, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technologies

7.b By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, particularly LDCs and SIDS


An increasing proportion of the population have gained access to electricity, but 1.1 billion people still live without it

The proportion of the global population with access to electricity increased steadily, from 79 percent in 2000 to 85 percent in 2012. Recent progress was driven largely by advancements in Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa. Despite these improvements, 1.1 billion people are still without this essential service. In particular, over 65 percent of the population in sub-Saharan Africa are living without electricity. Of those gaining access to electricity worldwide since 2010, the vast majority (80 percent) are urban dwellers.

More than 40 percent of the world's people still rely on polluting and unhealthy fuels for cooking

From 2005 to 2014, the proportion of the global population with access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking, such as gas and electricity, increased from 54 percent to 58 percent. Advancements have been slow in some regions, such as sub-Saharan Africa, where access remains very low. Limited progress since 2010 falls substantially short of global population growth and is almost exclusively confined to urban areas. As a result, the absolute number of people relying on polluting fuels and technologies for cooking has actually increased, reaching an estimated 3 billion people.

Use of renewable energy is growing only modestly, but modern renewables comprise a large and expanding share

The share of renewable energy-derived from hydropower, solid and liquid biofuels, the wind, sun, biogas, geothermal and marine sources, and waste in the world's total final energy consumption increased marginally, from 17.4 percent in 2000 to 18.1 percent in 2012. However, modern renewables, which exclude solid biofuels, grew at a rate of 4 percent a year between 2010 and 2012. The contribution of renewables to the electricity sector has been growing significantly. Modern renewables accounted for 60 percent of all new power-generating capacity in 2014. In absolute terms, about 72 percent of the increase in energy consumption from modern renewable sources between 2010 and 2012 came from developing regions, mostly Eastern Asia.

Global economic growth is being decoupled from energy use, but not quickly enough

Energy intensity-calculated by dividing total primary energy supply by GDP-reveals how much energy is used to produce one unit of economic output. Global energy intensity improved by 1.3 percent per year from 2000 to 2012, falling from 6.7 megajoules per unit of GDP (2011 US dollars PPP) in 2000 to 5.7 in 2012. A contributing factor was the proportion of energy use covered by mandatory energy efficiency regulation, which almost doubled in the last decade (from 14 percent in 2005 to 27 percent in 2014). Still, progress is proceeding at only two-thirds of the pace needed to double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency by 2030. Among end-use sectors, industry was the largest contributor to reduced energy intensity, followed closely by transportation. About 68 percent of the savings in energy intensity between 2010 and 2012 came from developing regions, with Eastern Asia as the largest contributor.



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